Type 2 Diabetes Complications

Type 2 Diabetes Complications

People with diabetes are vulnerable to a variety of complications over time. Maintaining blood glucose levels within the normal range and leading a healthy lifestyle is a cornerstone of diabetes care to reduce the risk of serious complications associated with the condition. Here are some of the long-term complications of diabetes:


  • Diabetes can cause vision loss and blindness.
  • Diabetic retinopathy is a deterioration of the small blood vessels of the retina.
  • People with diabetes have a greater chance of getting cataracts and glaucoma.


  • Kidney filtering becomes less efficient, and protein leaks into the urine.
  • In the long-term, it leads to kidney failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant


  • Blood vessel walls become hard and non-elastic. This tends to occur at an earlier age in people with diabetes.
  • Atherosclerotic plaque builds up.
  • Higher risk of heart disease and stroke.


  • Contain high blood glucose damages the nerves, resulting in loss of sensation or pain.
  • Diabetic neuropathy can affect nerves in many different parts of the body.
  • The symptoms depend on the affected areas. It can cause pain in the legs and arms; nausea and problems with digestion; going to the bathroom or having sex.


  • Poor blood flow in the feet and nerve damage increase the risk of developing foot problems and amputations.
  • Due to loss of sensation, you can develop a sore or blister without realising it.


  • Likely to have increase in cavities and to develop gum disease.
  • Signs of gum disease include bleeding, sensitive and painful gums.


  • People with diabetes are more prone to skin problems than people who do not have diabetes.
  • The nerve damage associated with diabetes can cause a decrease in sweating, resulting in dry skin.

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