Risks of High Blood Pressure

Risks of High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure is hypertension. Normally the heart pumps blood through arteries. The blood pressure tells us about the force with which it forces the blood on the walls of arteries. The pressure is high when it pumps out blood and lowers when heart is at rest between the beats. The rate between the two for a normal man is termed as 120/80.

Blood pressure normally increases when we do activities like running, jumping which involves physical activities and lowers while sleeping. But some people tend to have a high blood pressure even when they are normal. During the adult age, men have higher blood pressure and the reverse becomes true when they become older. The hereditary factors also play a vital role. If the grand parents and parents had blood pressure, then you are more likely to get it.

The impacts of high blood pressure are so bad. Most of the times, it will lead to heart attacks, stroke, kidney damage. When the arteries carrying blood are being blocked, then less blood is transported which means there is a scarcity of oxygen. Due to lack of oxygen, heart attacks occur. Kidney helps in filtering the unwanted substances from blood. Since the blood vessels are being blocked, the function of kidney is arrested leading to kidney failure.

The primary or essential blood pressure cannot be controlled or cured. But the secondary blood pressure like which are caused due to pregnancy, use of birth control pills, hormonal abnormalities can be cured if the cause is identified and stopped. It is highly essential to take preventive measures to lower the blood pressure. Some of them are:

  • Do not add too much salt content
  • Maintain a healthy diet and weight
  • Be active physically

By following these tips, am sure one can lower the risk of having high blood pressure. It is good to have a healthy diet and nutritious content in a balanced way.

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